NATO in Afghanistan: Security and Development
NATO in Afghanistan
While the mission of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) will be completed at the end of 2014, NATO’s training, advice and assistance for the Afghan security forces and institutions will continue through a new, follow-on NATO-led mission called Resolute Support. This non-combat mission will be directed primarily to support of Afghan ministries and institutions, as well as the higher command level of the Afghan security forces.
The detailed operation plan for Resolute Support was approved by NATO Foreign Ministers at the end of June 2014. The invitation and the legal framework for the Resolute Support Mission (RSM) is provided by a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) and the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA), which were signed in Kabul on 30 September 2014, and ratified by the Afghan Parliament on 27 November 2014. The SOFA defines the terms and conditions under which NATO forces will be deployed in Afghanistan as part of Resolute Support, as well as the activities that they are set to carry out under this agreement. The BSA outlines two critical Post-2014 missions for the United States: training, advising, and assisting the ANSF as part of NATO’s Resolute Support Mission and targeting the remnants of Al Qaeda.
Approximately 12,000 personnel from both NATO and partner nations will be deployed in support of the mission. The RSM mission plan calls for operations with one central hub in Kabul/Bagram and four spokes in Mazar-e Sharif, Herat, Kandahar and Jalalabad.In addition to assuring transparency, accountability and oversight, key functions will support for:
-Afghan security planning, programming and budgeting;
-Adherence to the principles of rule of law and good governance;
-Establishment and sustainment of such processes as force generation, recruiting, training, managing and development of personnel.
Beyond the training, advice and assistance mission, Allies and partners countries are committed to the broader international community’s support for the long-term financial sustainment of the Afghan security forces, including the pledges made at the NATO Summit in Chicago.
Next Chapter in Afghan-NATO Relations
The International Security Assistance Force Joint Command’s end-of-mission ceremony.
NATO and partner countries decided to launch mission Resolute Support as of 1 January 2015, opening a new chapter of cooperation between the Alliance and Afghanistan. The new NATO-led mission will train, advise and assist the Afghan National Security Forces.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah met with Foreign Ministers from NATO, operational partner nations and Afghanistan. They discussed final preparations for NATO’s engagement in Afghanistan from 2015 and issued the following joint statement.
President on Signing of Bilateral Security Agreement & NATO Status of Forces Agreement in Afghanistan
Historic U.S.-Afghan partnership agreement to help advance shared interests and long-term security of Afghanistan. The U.S. and the new Afghan Government of National Unity signed a Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA).
Consistent with the terms of the Strategic Partnership Agreement signed by our two governments in 2012, we will continue to invest in Afghanistan’s growth and development.
NATO deployed its first troops to Afghanistan in 2003. ISAF assisted the Afghan government in maintaining security.
Highlighting the priorities of the U.S. Government with regard to Afghanistan.
U.S., Allies & Partners
Since 2002, the UN’s mandate is to manage all humanitarian relief, reconstruction, recovery and development activities with the government.
The United States has spent more than $4 billion in development aid to Afghanistan since 2002, with USAID providing the largest amount in civilian assistance for rural, regional, governmental,. and infrastructure development.
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